Friday, March 31, 2006
It talks about the stricter limits on visits to Cuba. Individuals visiting relatives has dropped by 50%. Furthermore, academic trips must be longer than 10 weeks. Cuban academics are also being denied visas to the U.S. I find this article interesting for what it does not say. Many Americans visit Cuba all the time, but do so illegally. Here's an example of a website that caters to Americans looking to go to Cuba illegally: USA Cuba Travel Their website brags that they have sent over 100,000 Americans to Cuba. I would love to see the statistics on how many Americans REALLY go to Cuba.
He stresses the need for mass movements in Africa like there have been in Latin America.
Now they are arguing about potatos.... yes, potatos.
If you're interested in reading more about it... click here.
Fun Fact: Christopher Columbus reputably called the papaya the "fruit of the angels"
Thursday, March 30, 2006
Recently his house and more importantly his boat (the same one that inspired his nobel prize wining novel The Old Man and the Sea) have been listed as one of the National Trust for Historic Preservation endangered sites, it is also the first one outside of the United States.
Interestingly enough it lies in Cuba.
Bush has conveniently denied any financial backing raised in the U.S. to be used on its restoration because that would "helping" Cuba. Because of U.S. lack of funding Cuba will be taking care of monetary costs, while instruments will be brought in from the U.S.
I can't help, but think how Bush is helping his case when he denies money that would essentially benefit the U.S. such as this case, and in the case of Cuba's winning money from the WBC that would have been donated to victims of Katrina.
Wednesday, March 29, 2006
The Amazon soil is well-known for its infertility. However, there are dark splotches all over that are extremely fertile. Archeologists think that the Ancient Indians may have found a method with which they transformed the nutrient-poor soil into extremely productive soil. I wanted to find out more about it, so I googled it and found an article from the San Francisco Chronicle that covers the news well...
Here's the story.
This story is a bit scary, since I've definitely been on some scary bus rides in Latin America...
Check out their site at http://www.iguanas.com, and their gig on Saturday April 29th at the 2006 Jazz and Heritage Festival.
Also I have a video of a church from a Mayan town we went to, it was crazy. We weren't supposed to take a video but my friend has a video phone and manage to grab some footage. They have interesting rituals, its a mix of catholicism and santeria. Anyway here are the links, you will need to use realplayer for the videos:
article can be found at
Tuesday, March 28, 2006
To me, this sounds like a good idea, but according to CNN, it may get highly contested in debate, and may not get passed or may get watered down. I realize that this may cut down on the ease of immigrants getting into the US, but the US also can’t allow just anyone to come into the US either. So, it sounds like to me a fair proposal for immigration reform.
Click here for the full article.
Monday, March 27, 2006
This is an interesting book to read and the pictures are wonderful. You can read more at this address:
Five weeks after one of the most audacious bank raids in Argentine history, the police arrested two suspects, Alberto Torre and Liliana Fernandez. The pair are only part of the group that robbed a bank outside Buenos Aires on January 13th, holding hostages for hours before escaping with up to $50m through a specially built tunnel. The crime, hailed as the “robbery of the century”, has earned admiration for both its technique and its nerve. The gang reportedly used only fake weapons, and some hostages even said that the criminals treated them better than the police who rescued them—one thief allegedly led a chorus of “Happy Birthday” for one hostage.
With the public still cooing over the thieves’ pluck, Buenos Aires authorities are trumpeting the arrests—and subsequent raids that turned up almost $1m in cash and eight kilos of stolen jewellery—as proof of successful investigative methods. But some credit for the arrests should go to the fury of a woman scorned: Mr Torre was reportedly turned in by his wife, whom he had jilted for Ms Fernandez. Just days later the police arrested a man who allegedly built the getaway tunnel. But they may not make much progress with the rest of the gang, who are suspected of fleeing the country.
This is an interesting article about the 30 year anniversary of the coup that rose in Argentina and sparked the military period in which thousands of people were "disappeared." The article points out that even though it's been 3 decades, bombings and attacks from coup supporters are still occurring throughout the country. It also shows what the country is doing today to ensure that a time of terror like the 1970's never happens again.
Sunday, March 26, 2006
Saturday, March 25, 2006
Friday, March 24, 2006
"Cuba's prize money from the first World Baseball Classic has become collateral damage in the four-decade battle between President Fidel Castro and the United States.
Castro said he wanted to donate the money to victims of Hurricane Katrina, but U.S. officials say Cuba isn't getting any prize money....."
Link to page:http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/03/23/latino.march/index.html
Pio Levya sang for the Buena Vista Social Club. He was 88, and is the fourth member to die in the past three years.
I'm sure many of you have heard their songs, whether you realized it at the time or not.
I decided to look up some information about it and found out some neat information on http://www.dominicanrepublic.com/.
Here's an excerpt on politics:
"The Dominican Republic has a long history of political instability which includes many revolutions, coups d'Ètat, barracks revolts, and insurrections, as well as social and political breakdowns. Its last revolution took place in April of 1965. Since then, governments have been systematically elected every four years, and the political climate has been at rest.
Politics in the Dominican Republic functions on a smaller and less formal scale than politics in the United States. Sometimes it seems that everyone in the Dominican Republic who counts politically knows everyone else who counts, because many in this group are also interrelated by blood or marriage. It is a small country, with only one main city. Politics are therefore more like old-fashioned United States county politics. In this context, family and clan networks, patronage systems, close friendships, the bonds of kinship, personal ties, and extended family, ethnic, or other personal connections are as important as the more formal and impersonal institutions of a larger political system.
The Dominican Republic has large-scale organizations, such as political parties, interest groups, professional associations, and bureacratic organizations, but often the informal networks are as important, and therefore, the most difficult for outsiders to penetrate and to understand.
To comprehend Dominican politics, therefore, one must understand first of all the family networks: who is related to whom, and how and what (if anything) these family ties mean. One must also understand the social and the racial hierarchies, who speaks to whom and in what tone of voice, who sees whom socially, and what these social ties imply politically. One must know about past business deals and associations, whether they were clean or "dirty," and what each family or individual knows or thinks about associates. One must understand where the different families "fit" in the Dominican system, whether they are old rich or new rich, their bloodlines, what they share politically, and what pulls them apart. Many of these family and clan associations and rivalries go back for generations.
Family and personalistic associations overlap and interact with the institutions of a more modern political system in all sorts of complex ways. For example, what goes by the name of a political party actually may turn out to be the personalistic apparatus of a single politician or family; or a certain office within the government bureaucracy may turn out to be the private preserve of a single family or clan. In order to understand Dominican politics, one must comprehend these complex overlaps of traditional and modern institutions and practices, of family and clan-based politics, and of modern political organizations. "
The family plays such a part in the politics of the Dominican Republic that they make it a point to mention that one must first understand the structure of the family. I think it's interesting that even in politics, the ties within Latin American families is conspicious and significant.
Thursday, March 23, 2006
To learn more about the legend of the Chupacabra and the elaborate theories which pertain to it here are a few websites:
Does anyone know of any other Latin American myths or legends?
Wednesday, March 22, 2006
The contact for this is: email@example.com (Suzana) if you are interested. There is also a former participant who you can contact to ask about the program: firstname.lastname@example.org (Tom) and he has a website of his pictures: www.tom.murac.com/brazil.htm
SECOND ANNUAL CELEBRACIÓN LATINA
Come take a break & celebrate!
(New Orleans, LA) On Saturday, April 8, 2006 Tulane University’s Stone Center for Latin American Studies will present the Second Annual Celebración Latina. This event is in partnership with Tulane University’s Office of Service Learning, the Hispanic Apostolate, and the New Orleans Public Library. It will be held in Laurence Square (on the corner of Magazine St and Napoleon Ave) from 11AM until 6PM. This celebration is free and open to the public.
Celebración Latina will feature food, music, and other entertainment with a Latin flavor. Notable entertainment contributors will be Curtis Pierre the Samba Man, Ovi G and the Froggies, Vivaz and Fuerza Latina. Food will be provided by Mensaje, who will be selling some of their most popular dishes. Celebración Latina will also showcase a children’s area hosted by the Pebbles Center and the New Orleans Public Library; art activities will be provided by KidsmART. Our “Community Partner” tent will promote non-profit and community organizations, many of whom work with Tulane service learning students and interns, working to make a difference in New Orleans. We would like to invite you to participate in this aspect of the event by setting up an informational table. Tables and chairs will be provided. This event is a great opportunity for you to convey your mission/services and also recruit service recipients and volunteers. We ask that you do not solicit monetary donations, but we encourage you to share your contact information for those people interested in donating. Attached is Community Partner Application. If you are interested in participating, please respond by completing the application and forwarding a copy back to us (via email). We will also be following up with a phone call and printable flyers.
This family-oriented event will be a great opportunity for all of New Orleans to come together to enjoy the beginning of the festival season, especially as we forge into a new and stronger New Orleans. We hope that you can join us for a day of celebration and community building!
For additional information contact Ashleigh DeSimone, Tulane Service Learning Intern (email@example.com) or Brian Knighten of the Stone Center (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Tuesday, March 21, 2006
The article can be found at : http://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1655068,0005.htm
First of all this seems kind of an obvious thing, but I also wanted to know why.
Here is a website on Cuban baseball which includes a list of all Cuban defectors that play baseball professionally in the United States. The website also states that Cuba no longer has professional sports (including baseball) since 1961 (obviously that would be against the socialism of the state) therefore the Cuban league which many of the commentators talked about is actually an amateur league. These leagues and the sports clubs are used to train athletes to participate in world competitions.
I think the controversy that occured because of Cuba's participation in the WBC shows how there is a divide between the U.S. government's sanctions on Cuba and the U.S. business and societal views on those very same sanctions.
This weekend there will be a protest at Charity Hospital, espousing the need for Charity to reopen its doors. Charity Hospital is one of the two free hospitals that many immigrants need to attend, in the time of crisis.
Email me at Wwyatt@tulane.edu if you would like to join the group, protecting the rights of illegal immigrants working in New Orleans. Or, I could just see you this weekend!
Border and Immigration Enforcement Act (H.R. 4437) “Sensenbrenner Bill”
This bill is an attack, not an answer. This is not an antiterrorism bill, not a border security bill, not an enforcement bill, and not an immigration reform bill. Worse, thisbill’s approach presents a grave threat to deeply-held American values, including due process of law, family unity, and the safety and securityof all Americans. It targets all immigrants for punishment and doesnot contribute to our security or to immigration reform.
SOME EXAMPLES OF THE PROPOSITION HR 4437 INCLUDE:
Criminalizes millions of immigrants. Anyone in the U.S. illegally would be subject not only to deportation but imprisonment as well.
Greatly expands the definition of smuggling in a way that could severely penalize innocent acts of kindness and daily, casual contacts that many Americans have with undocumented immigrants, such asproviding transportation and so on.
Greatly expands mandatory detention and expedited removal, potentially imprisoning millions of persons and generating huge costs to the taxpayer.
Expands the definition of “aggravated felony,” rendering legal immigrants convicted of minor offenses in the past ineligible forimmigration benefits including naturalization and could be subject to deportation, permanent bar.
Deputizes local law enforcement officials to enforce federal immigration laws over the objections of many such officials, who believe that this authority undercuts their ability to protect the public safety.
Mandates a broad-reaching employment verification system that requires employers to retroactively verify the employment status of employees who have been employed for years. It also mandates that churches, NGOs, and others involved in workforce development prescreen potential job applicants before referring them to jobs.
Severely reduces due process rights for legal immigrants in a way that dramatically undercuts basic principles of American justice.
These are only parts of the proposal. If they are not passed in the Sesenbrenner Bill, they could still be introduced as provisions inother anti-immigrant propositions.
Portland Central America Solidarity Committee and Cross Border Labor Organizing Coalition
It is interesting and a bit sad to see that the anti-immigrant movement is so strong in a state like Oregon that has a relatively low immigrant population compared to traditionally large immigrant states. Anti-immigration movements are growing all over the country.
Since Jimmy came into my restaurant last week, I figured I should invite the rest of you to visit. I wait tables at Lola's Restaurant (3312 Esplanade) right near City Park, off Carrollton Ave. The owner/cook Angel is from Sevilla, in the South of Spain. We have delicious food (including paella, fideua, flan, and tons of fresh fish) and drinks (homemade sangria) and you can always practice your Spanish with the staff!
Mar 21 - Benito Juarez Day is a national holiday honoring the renowned former president who is known as “The Lincoln of Mexico.” March 21 First Day of Spring, and the beginning of the Springbreak season. (http://www.puertovallarta.net/events/index.php)
Benito Pablo Juárez García (March 21, 1806 – July 18, 1872) was a Zapotec Amerindian who served two terms as President of Mexico. For his resistance to the French occupation and his efforts to modernize the country, Juárez is often regarded as Mexico's greatest and most beloved leader. He is the only full-blooded Native American to serve as President of Mexico. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Juarez)
Monday, March 20, 2006
Sorry for the crazy long link, but this is an interesting article that I think shows the forward thinking and ingenuity of several Mexican leaders. A lagoon in San Felipe, Baja California, Mexico is one of the few gray whale mating grounds left and home to hundreds of other animal life. Instead of cashing in for a quick buck in the salt, oil and fishing industry, many Mexicans in the area are choosing a steady, long term option in fighting to preserve the lagoon and boost area tourism.
Here is a link to a story regarding the importance of the Mexicans to the rebuilding process, written in the Washington Times.
What does this raid signify? The police force was obviously aware that illegal immigrants were waiting around Lee Circle -- is now the time when they begin sending illegal workers back to their home nations??
Recently, I read about the World Baseball Classics, which has picked up popularity among viewers of the world, but not without controversy. Since it is being hosted in the US, the US was not allowing, at first, the Cuban Team to play because of their current embargo status. I guess they didn't want to let Castro profit off of this event. So Castro said that profits from this event would go to victims of Katrina. I thought that was pretty brilliant on his part. I don't like Castro too much, but I think things like this are ludicrous. I mean sports are supposed to transcend politics and whatever else, and allow the international community to come together. At least that is the impression I get from things like the Olympics, World Cup, and now the World Baseball Classic. I think it just goes to tarnish the relationship between the US and Latin America. I also think it furthers US’s image as a world police. Anyway, here is the link to the article.
Sunday, March 19, 2006
I never imagined I would find Latin American studies material on Animal Planet-it's everywhere!
Saturday, March 18, 2006
Article found at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4812352.stm
Read the Article
Friday, March 17, 2006
Other GREAT sites for learning about the New Orleans Hispanic population:
Once I found these I told Jamie I wanted to help get word about the ESL program out using the internet and these networks that are not readily obvious as places to advertise our service for the ESL classes.
Either way, have fun looking around and let me know if you find any more
Here are some websites that provide a historical analysis of North America's first distilled drink.
Thursday, March 16, 2006
A current musician who sometimes employs elements of bossa nova in his works, such as "Belle," is Jack Johnson. Jack is making his Brazilian debut in April when he performs in Jobim's hometown, Rio de Janeiro, along with Sao Paolo.
In a recent turn of events they occupied a Swiss Biotech company's research farm as a protest against environmental regulation violations. Having recently allied with Via Campesina, an international peasant group, this particular protest represents a shift in MST's efforts from focusing strictly on land reform to expanding towards other social justice issues.
They were donated to Tulane by Merle Green Robertson, the artist. Who donated her entire collection of nearly 2000 rubbings of Mayan stellaes. They record in rubbings the relief sculpture on temples, stone monoliths, and structures of Mayan sites in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Belize. They provide accurate full scale images of Mayan sculpture and hieroglyphics and are even more important today now that some of the sculptures which she has recorded have now disappeared.
They are important pieces of art and history that I think a lot of us overlook as just a piece of wall art.
Where Prostitutes Also Fight AIDS
Brazil's Sex Workers Hand Out Condoms, Crossing U.S. Ideological Line
By Monte Reel
Washington Post Foreign Service
Thursday, March 2, 2006; A14
RIO DE JANEIRO -- Paula Duran is an outreach worker with a style of her own. That style -- heavy on fishnet, tattoos and suggestive poses -- is at the heart of an ideological disagreement between Brazil and the United States over the best way to fight AIDS.
Duran, 35, is a prostitute in Villa Mimosa, a red-light district in this seaside city where an estimated 3,500 sex workers lounge in the doorways and lean out the windows of scarred, decaying buildings.
Each time she snags a customer, she fishes in her purse for a government-supplied condom. Often she repeats information on disease transmission that she learned at a state-funded workshop for prostitutes around the corner.
"I'm always telling people that they should never do anything without a condom," Duran said. "A lot of the young people who come around here don't know anything about it, so I try to teach them whatever I can."
But the U.S. government strongly disapproves of such unorthodox methods. Two weeks ago, Brazil received a letter from USAID declaring the country ineligible for a renewal of a $48 million AIDS prevention grant. The United States requires all countries receiving AIDS funding help to formally state that prostitution is dehumanizing and degrading, and Brazil last year -- alone among AIDS aid recipients -- was unwilling to do that.
A working partnership with prostitutes, health officials here say, is a key reason that the country's AIDS prevention and treatment programs are considered by the United Nations to be the most successful in the developing world. There are at least 600,000 people infected with HIV in Brazil -- but that is only half the number predicted by the World Bank a decade ago.
"When we started in the 1980s, our projected AIDS rates were exactly the same as Africa's, but now it's a completely different story," said Mariangela Simao, deputy director of Brazil's national HIV-AIDS program in Brasilia. "I'm convinced it's a result of the way the government has responded. We provide information and resources, and don't enter into moral or religious issues."
Brazil's annual Carnival, the rowdy pre-Lenten festival where clothes and inhibitions are mostly considered optional, began last weekend. At parades and block parties attended by millions throughout the country, the government's approach to AIDS and reproductive health appeared as unrestrained as the revelers themselves.
In Rio, free condoms were passed out like candy as part of a national goal to distribute 25 million of them before Carnival ended Tuesday. At a suburban bus stop, pamphlets distributed by the Health Ministry advertised a character called "Maria Without Shame," a cleavage-flaunting cartoon prostitute who reminds sex workers to take pride in their jobs and tells people that condoms should be used without guilt.
At celebrations in the northeastern city of Salvador, health officials also planned to pass out morning-after pills, according to local newspaper reports.
Brazil has more Roman Catholics than any other country, and the church at times voices mild complaints about the government's programs. But church leaders haven't pressed the issue. The idea of emphasizing abstinence as the basis of prevention efforts -- a stand the United States has officially adopted -- hasn't taken hold here.
"Brazil's sexual culture is very different from the puritanical tradition in the United States," said Sonia Correa, an AIDS activist in Rio who is also the co-chair of the International Working Group on Sexuality and Social Policy. "Our AIDS programs have also been radically different. The denial and the stigma that you find attached to sexual health issues in so many places isn't found in Brazil."
A number of other countries, especially in Africa and the Caribbean, have experienced high levels of HIV transmission through prostitution, but no other government has taken Brazil's unorthodox approach to the problem.
Brazil has also found itself at odds with the United States on AIDS treatment, but for different reasons. Brazil has led an international fight against pharmaceutical companies to allow countries to break the patents on AIDS medications, which would let governments produce the drugs at a much lower cost. The United States, where several of the large drug companies are based, says the patent protections encourage the companies to innovate. Without the financial benefit, they argue, there is no incentive for companies to develop new medicines that could improve patients' lives.
"Brazil has been using threats of breaking patents as a bargaining tool to negotiate lower prices with drug companies," said Michael Bailey, a senior policy analyst with Oxfam, an international nonprofit development aid group, speaking from its headquarters in Britain. "A lot of other countries are watching Brazil very closely to see what it does. This is very, very big business."
About two-thirds of Brazil's AIDS program budget -- or more than $400 million annually -- goes to buy antiretroviral medications, which the government offers free to anyone infected.
The loss of U.S. funding adds more financial pressure to Brazil's AIDS programs, though health officials here say the loss isn't crippling. Some nongovernmental organizations report recent lags and shortfalls in the government's distribution of condoms, but they don't attribute it to the loss of U.S. funds.
To help manage costs and keep up with the demand for condoms, Brazil later this year expects to become the first country directly involved in the condom business. It plans to open a state-run condom factory in the western city of Acre, producing condoms made from latex tapped from the region's wealth of rubber trees.
Gabriela Leite, 54, said she hopes the project will help condom supply meet demand. A former prostitute, she now runs an advocacy group for prostitutes that serves as a link between the government and sex workers. Her last government shipment included only 11,000 condoms -- about one-fourth the usual batch. Because the prostitutes aligned with her organization handed out large numbers of condoms at street parties during Carnival, she's afraid the supply will be quickly exhausted.
When asked if she believes such an approach is a better way to battle AIDS than promoting abstinence, she said she was certain of it. She also said she has made a point of trying to persuade activists and officials in other countries to join Brazil in refusing to go along with U.S. ground rules, even if the United States is easily the biggest provider of funding help in the world.
"It's strange, this attitude of the United States that says its way is the best, even in another culture that is completely different," said Leite, who said she retired from prostitution in 1979. "If that's the way it's done in your culture, that's fine. But it's different here, and we'll do it our way."
Wednesday, March 15, 2006
A common theme in Honduran art is the "rain of fish" (literally a depiction of it raining fish in a village). The words were highlighted as a link so I clicked on them and this is what Wikipedia has to say about the "rain of fish": "Raining animals is a relatively common meteorologic phenomenon, with occurrences reported from many countries throughout history. The animals most likely to drop from the sky in a rain fall are fish and frogs, with several types of birds coming second. Sometimes the animals survive the fall, notoriously fishes, suggesting a small time gap between the extraction and the actual drop. Several witnesses of raining frogs describe the animals as startled, though healthy, and exhibiting relatively normal behavior shortly after the event."
Has anyone else heard of this other than the common phrase "it's raining cats and dogs"??? I'm absolutely stunned.
Anyways, I know this doesn't solely have to do with Latin America because it happens all over the world (who knew?) but it apparently happens relatively commonly in Honduras because it's all over their artwork.
P.S. Everyone should come to the Latin American festival on Saturday, April 8. I have an interactive booth about Honduras and Greg and Yutaca have booths too. Come out and support the Latin American community in New Orleans!
Tuesday, March 14, 2006
President Bush hopes to end "America's addiction to imported oil"' by replacing 3/4 of the oil imported from the Middle East with American made ethanol (mostly produced from corn crops within the U.S.). Although many new cars in the U.S. are now ethanol ready, few consumers actually know that their car is ethanol compatible. In addition, with only 610 ethanol fueling stations in the country, it is virtually impossible to come by the fuel. If the U.S. hopes to follow in Brazil's footsteps, it will have to drastically increase the supply of ethanol fueled vehicle and the prevelence of pumping stations throughout the country. Check out another recent article on ethanol in Brazil at Rainforest Action Network , a great resource for information about forests and a highly influential corporate agitator :).
Article can be found at: http://www.latinnews.com/
Sunday, March 12, 2006
Article link: http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/14066076.htm
Saturday, March 11, 2006
Article at: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/10/international/americas/10chile.html?_r=1&oref=slogin
Friday, March 10, 2006
Read more at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4790952.stm
Thursday, March 09, 2006
Aside from being amusingly bizarre, the campaign is interesting in that the blow-up dolls are only shown in positions without much authority. Also, the article points out that President Fox recently came under fire for saying that 'women were just "washing machines with two legs".'
This all seems to contrast with last week's readings on Latin American feminism.
Wednesday, March 08, 2006
For more information on this see: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4777972.stm
Check out this website to truly understand yet another cultural difference and vision at present. A man whom once smuggled humans from El Salvador to the US to make a living, and is well known for it, is now running for mayor on the ticket that he brought so many people the American dream.
Tuesday, March 07, 2006
Washington Post article link: here.
Jacques Bernard, director general of the embattled electoral council, arrived in the capital of Port-au-Prince on Sunday to resume his duties, two weeks after he left for the United States, the council's secretary-general, Rosemand Pradel, told reporters.
Bernard fled after opponents ransacked his farm and diplomats warned that gang members planned to ambush his car as he left the vote tabulation center.
The threats came amid complaints about the tabulation of results from the February 7 elections won by President-elect Rene Preval, a former president.
Bernard will help prepare for a legislative runoff that had been scheduled for March 19 until officials said it would be delayed because of street protests that have slowed planning.
Officials will announce a new election date shortly, Pradel said.
Monday, March 06, 2006
This week's discussion about Latin American feminism and last week's Costa Rica presentation mentioning high levels of domestic abuse got me interested in the topic of abuse in general in Latin America. For some reason I assumed that it wasn't a huge issue in the region; however, this article (even though it's from 1998) brings to light how bad the situation is for many women. Domestic violence is actually a huge problem in many Latin American countries and the article sites the widening wealth inequality as a contributor. Physical abuse is more common among the lower classes while psychological abuse is rampant in the upper classes.
Long periods of civil war and social unrest teach children violence from a very young age, so Latin American youths, much like US adolescents, are somewhat desensitized to the horrific acts surrounding them.
I suppose all of these causes are rather universal, but I found the focus on Latin America interesting.
Article can be found here.
Sunday, March 05, 2006
Chronology of women's suffrage:
1788 - United States of America (to stand for election) ---- put it here more for reference than anything else
1929 - Ecuador*
1931 - Chile*
1932 - Uruguay
1934 - Brazil, Cuba
1938 - Bolivia*
1939 - El Salvador (to vote)
1941 - Panama*
1942 - Dominican Republic
1944 - Jamaica
1945 - Guyana (to stand for election),
1946 - Guatemala, Panama**, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
1947 - Argentina, Mexico (to vote)
1948 - Suriname
1949 - Chile**, Costa Rica
1950 - Barbados, Haiti
1951 - Antigua and Barbuda
1952 - Bolivia**
1953 - Guyana (to vote), Mexico (to stand for election)
1954 - Belize, Colombia
1955 - Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru
1961 - Bahamas*, El Salvador (to stand for election), Paraguay
1964 - Bahamas**
1967 - Ecuador**
* Right subject to conditions or restrictions
** Restrictions or conditions lifted
Saturday, March 04, 2006
Voy a contarte en secreto
quién soy yo,
así, en voz alta,
me dirás quien eres,
quiero saber quién eres,
en qué taller trabajas,
en qué mina,
en qué farmacia,
tengo una obligación terrible
y es saberlo,
día y noche saber
cómo te llamas,
ése es mi oficio,
conocer una vida
no es bastante
ni conocer todas las vidas
hay que desentrañar,
rascar a fondo
y como en una tela
las líneas ocultaron,
con el color, la trama
yo borro los colores
y busco hasta encontrar
el tejido profundo,
así también encuentro
la unidad de los hombres,
y en el pan busco
más allá de la forma:
me gusta el pan, lo muerdo,
veo el trigo,
los trigales tempranos,
la verde forma de la primavera,
las raíces, el agua,
más allá, del pan,
veo la tierra,
la unidad de la tierra,
y así todo lo pruebo.
I really like this poem. I think it's beautiful. If you don't speak Spanish, it's still beautiful or use an online translator or ask a friend to translate!
It's an interesting debate, and ties in pretty strongly to what creates a cultural identity. These artifacts have the potential to be deeply significant to the Peruvians, but they cannot have much contact with them while they are in Connecticut. Which has more priority--the cultural identity of "humankind" or the cultural identity of a specific culture?
Friday, March 03, 2006
I especially liked the Mexican Wedding Cake recipe as that is a big tradition in my family.
The entire article is here.
"Historically, there's been some problems with a lack of governance in the area, illicit activity of various kinds, fraudulent trade," said Patrick O'Brien, assistant U.S. Treasury secretary for terrorist financing.
The goal of the United States is to influence legislation in Ltain America to fight terrorism. This is consistent with the theme of U.S. involvement in Latin American affairs that we've been studying. However, while the goals of the U.S. may be motivated partially by self-interest, this seems to be something that would benefit the entire world.
Here's the link.